International Journal Political, Law, and Social Science https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS <p><span class="VIiyi" lang="en"><span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="id" data-phrase-index="0" data-number-of-phrases="5">International Journal of Political, Law, and Social Science <a href="https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/index">[ISSN: 2501-7322]</a> is a journal that was developed to study and research events that occur in the political, legal, social, and economic fields in various parts of the world today.</span> <span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="id" data-phrase-index="2" data-number-of-phrases="5">The International Journal of Political, Law, and Social Science publishes written works in the form of the latest research results or in-depth and credible conceptual studies so that in content they can be appropriate references in the development of science and social policy.</span> <span class="JLqJ4b ChMk0b" data-language-for-alternatives="en" data-language-to-translate-into="id" data-phrase-index="4" data-number-of-phrases="5">The International Journal of Political, Law, and Social Science is published by the Center for Political, Legal, Economic, and Social Research in the 21st Century, and is published twice a year.</span></span></p> en-US [email protected] (Jet Mboga) [email protected] (Adriana Sciorra) Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.8 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AUTONOMY FROM A POLITICAL PERSPECTIVE AND REGIONAL PROGRESS https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/118 <p>Regional autonomy is also a prerequisite for realizing democracy and government that upholds people's sovereignty. However, in its implementation so far, regional autonomy policy still faces several weaknesses, such as: regional autonomy is only understood as an institutional policy, attention in regional autonomy is only on the issue of transferring authority from the center to the regions, but ignores the essence and objectives of the policy, regional autonomy not accompanied by increased independence and initiative of local communities in accordance with the demands of democratic nature.</p> Indrina Marnelia, Marneli Marhani Copyright (c) 2023 Determination of copyright for articles published in the Journal of Development Studies includes: 1) copyright of article content remains owned by the author, and 2) copyright of distribution is owned by the author and journal manager. https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/118 Tue, 26 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 PLANNING ANALYSIS OF COMMUNITY-BASED TOTAL SANITATION PROGRAM (STBM) IN PULAU PATAI VILLAGE AND MAGANTIS VILLAGE, DUSUN TIMUR DISTRICT https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/111 <p>This research was motivated by the planning of the Community-Based Total Sanitation Program in Pulau Patai Village and Magantis Village, Dusun Timur District, which was carried out by the East Barito District Health Office, which was considered not optimal and on target with data in the field UPTD Puskesmas Tamiang Layang as a health coach the people in the village area. This study aims to: 1) Analyze the causes of the problem because the planning process for the Community-Based Total Sanitation Program in Pulau Patai Village and Magantis Village was not optimal, which was carried out by the East Barito District Health Office. 2) Analyze the process of synchronizing the planning of the Community-Based Total Sanitation Program in Pulau Patai Village and Magantis Village conducted by the East Barito District Health Office. 3) Know the pattern and process of planning and monitoring the evaluation of the Community-Based Total Sanitation Program in Pulau Patai Village and Magantis Village conducted by the East Barito District Health Office. 4) Formulate strategies for solving problems to optimize the planning process for the Community-Based Total Sanitation Program in Pulau Patai Village and Magantis Village conducted by the East Barito District Health Office. This research uses a qualitative approach. Data analysis was carried out by collecting data through interviews with several informants and document searches. The data obtained was then analyzed using Fish Bone Analysis and SWOT Analysis. The results of the study show that: 1) The main causes of the problem are the not optimal planning of the Community-Based Total Sanitation Program in the village which is carried out by the East Barito District Health Office, which is caused and influenced by 5 M or 5 aspects, namely: Man Power; method; Material; Measurement/ Monitoring; Mother Nature/Environment. 2) Man Power: Ability of officers to analyze and manage reports, Lack of understanding of the latest program standards/guidelines, Socialization and training are not conducted regularly, Level of education is still Diploma III, Sanitarian is working on multiple assignments. 3) Method: Socialization and advocacy through the PPSP Working Group, cross-sectoral cross-programs are not optimal and sustainable, Interview and observation data validation is not carried out optimally, Data reporting and management is not accurate. 4) Material: The accuracy of the report does not comply with the procedural guidelines, reported data is inaccurate, Bartim Regent Decree No. 326 of 2019 Designation of Stunting Priority Villages and Regent Decree June 2021, Changes in direction of National and Regional policies, Structural change and rotation of positions. 5) Measurement/Monitoring: Dissemination of the results of the progress of the implementation of the STBM program per Regency and per Sub-district was only ever carried out in 2018, Monev was not carried out regularly, setting targets and achievements was not clear, Measurement and reporting accuracy was not optimal and well-measured. 6) Mother Nature/Environment: Pulau Patai Village is a preparatory village as a tourism village.</p> Bayu Satrya Husodo, Udiansyah Udiansyah, Muhammad Riduansyah Syafari Copyright (c) 2023 Determination of copyright for articles published in the Journal of Development Studies includes: 1) copyright of article content remains owned by the author, and 2) copyright of distribution is owned by the author and journal manager. https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/111 Tue, 26 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE STRATEGY FOR INCREASING THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX IN THE EDUCATION SECTOR IN TAPIN REGENCY https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/114 <p>In realizing the goals of national development, Indonesia must have superior human resources and a prosperous society. The Human Development Index (HDI) is an indicator in measuring the success of human development in an area. The components that make up HDI in the education sector are mean years of schooling (MYS) and expected year of schooling (EYS) which are indicators of the success of a region's education. The purpose of this study was to determine the influencing factors and strategies for increasing the Human Development Index in the Education Sector in Tapin Regency. The research method used is descriptive quantitative with data collection techniques through research libraries, observations, and questionnaires. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine the factors that influence the Human Development Index in the Education Sector with the HDI variable as the dependent variable and primary school enrollment rate, junior high school net enrollment rate, ratio of teachers to elementary students, ratio of teachers to junior high school students, and education budget as an independent variable. SWOT analysis is used in determining the strategy for increasing the Human Development Index in the Education Sector. The results of the study show that the factors that influence the HDI of the education sector in Tapin Regency are the primary school enrollment rate, the junior high school net enrollment rate, and the ratio of teachers to junior high school students, while the ratio of teachers to elementary students and the education budget has no effect. Strategies to increase the Human Development Index in the Education sector in Tapin Regency can be carried out through fulfilling the number of educators through the PPPK route, increasing the use of information technology in every educational facility, increasing the participation of companies with CSR programs to help Equality education institutions in the context of dealing with dropping out of children schools, increasing the fulfillment of educational facilities and infrastructure through the assistance of the Company's CSR program, increasing the implementation of equitable education through collaboration with Islamic boarding schools that do not yet have formal education.</p> Uci Sanusi, Ahmad Yunani, Yusuf Hidayat Copyright (c) 2023 Determination of copyright for articles published in the Journal of Development Studies includes: 1) copyright of article content remains owned by the author, and 2) copyright of distribution is owned by the author and journal manager. https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/114 Tue, 26 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 THE ROLE OF SOCIETY IN IMPLEMENTING ELECTIONS, DEMOCRACY AND LEADERSHIP IN GOVERNMENT https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/119 <p>Public participation or participation in politics is the activity of a person or group of people to actively participate in political life, by electing state leaders, and directly or indirectly influencing government policy, public policy. Conventionally, these activities include actions such as voting in general elections, attending general meetings, becoming a member of a party or interest group, approaching or connecting with government officials or members of parliament and various other government activities. Political participation will run in harmony when the political process runs stably. There are often obstacles to political participation when political stability cannot be realized, therefore it is important for those in power to carry out a process of political stabilization. Apart from that, the next process also carries out political institutionalization efforts as a form of effort to provide opportunities for society to actualize its ideals.</p> John Warnolds Secia, Arnold Scerefer Copyright (c) 2023 Determination of copyright for articles published in the Journal of Development Studies includes: 1) copyright of article content remains owned by the author, and 2) copyright of distribution is owned by the author and journal manager. https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/119 Tue, 26 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION ON THE SUCCESS OF THE HOUSE RENOVATION PROGRAM IN SOUTH BANJARMASIN DISTRICT https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/115 <p>Development essentially aims to improve the quality of life of a country in order to create a prosperous life. This study aims to analyzethe influence of community participation on the success of the house renovation program in South Banjarmasin District. This type of research is qualitative and quantitative. Data sources are divided into primary data and secondary data. Data was collected through observation, interviews and documentation. Data analysis was carried out descriptively. The research results showcommunity participation influences the success of the house renovation program in South Banjarmasin District. This can be seen from the existence of community participation in decision making, community participation in the implementation of house renovations, community participation in taking benefits from the results of house renovations and community participation in participating in supervising house renovation activities.</p> Yuwandi Arif Wardana, Maryono Maryono, Muhammad Riduansyah Syafari Copyright (c) 2023 Determination of copyright for articles published in the Journal of Development Studies includes: 1) copyright of article content remains owned by the author, and 2) copyright of distribution is owned by the author and journal manager. https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/115 Tue, 26 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TYPE OF SUPERVISION OF LOCAL ENTREPRENEURS IN MANAGEMENT OF TEMPORARY STORAGE OF HAZARDOUS AND TOXIC WASTE (LB3) IN THE TANAH BUMBU DISTRICT ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICE https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/116 <p>The Environmental Office of Tanah Bumbu Regency conducts direct supervision routinely once a year in Industrial Estates and all business actors producing B3 waste in Tanah Bumbu Regency. However, the lack of awareness of business actors in complying with environmental laws and regulations, especially in waste management itself, there are still cases of pollution that occur. The purpose of this study was to analyze the supervision of local entrepreneurs in the management of Temporary Storage Sites (TPS) for Hazardous and Toxic Waste (LB3) at the Environmental Office of Tanah Bumbu Regency. This type of research is descriptive qualitative research, namely data collected in the form of words, pictures, not numbers. The results show that during 2018-2019, the Kalimantan Regional PPLH, specifically for the Tanah Bumbu Regency area, 63 (sixty three) documents of application for permits for hazardous waste TPS and applications for permits consist of 32 (thirty two) applications for permits for hazardous waste TPS, 40 (forty) documents for application for liquid waste/SP and 6 (six) Land Application Permit/Lcpks documents. The composition of DLH employees based on gender consisted of 242 men or 73.55% and 87 women or 26.44%, as presented in table 2.1. While the composition of SKPD Employee Names is based on class level, namely group IV as many as 6 people or 1.83%, group III as many as 27 people or 8.20% and group II as many as 13 people or 3.95%, while for group I there is no DLH, and non civil servants as many as 283 people or 86.01%.</p> Ramli Radiyani, Budi Suryadi, Jamaluddin Jamaluddin Copyright (c) 2023 Determination of copyright for articles published in the Journal of Development Studies includes: 1) copyright of article content remains owned by the author, and 2) copyright of distribution is owned by the author and journal manager. https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/116 Tue, 26 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE HOPE FAMILY PROGRAM FOR POOR FAMILIES IN BATULICIN SUB-DISTRICT, BATULICIN SUB-DISTRICT, TANAH BUMBU DISTRICT https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/117 <p>This study aims to describe how the Family Hope Program (PKH) helps in alleviating poverty in the Batulicin Village, Batulicin District, to find out the inhibiting factors of implementing the program and how far the effectiveness and stakeholder strategies are in supporting the implementation of this program. PKH itself has existed in the Batulicin Sub-District since 2015. After the PKH assistance, the community felt helped, especially in meeting school and health expenses and increasing the cost of spending on basic daily needs. The formulation of the problem in this research is how the implementation of the Family Hope Program (PKH) can help in overcoming poverty in the Batulicin Village, what factors hinder the implementation of this program and how far the effectiveness and strategies of related stakeholders are in supporting these activities. The theory used in this study is Talcot Parson's Functional Theory. The method used is a qualitative method with data collection techniques in the form of interviews, observation, and documentation studies. Informants in this study amounted to 25 people. The results of the study showed that the negative impact was that there was community dependence on PKH assistance, the inhibiting factor was social jealousy from people who did not receive PKH assistance, in addition to the inhibiting factors above the effectiveness and support during the implementation of this program which was quite good, including the priority of stakeholders involved in this matter. (Social services, Districts and Kelurahans) which give priority portions to PKH Beneficiary Families who have businesses, to receive Regional Government assistance such as (Productive Economic Usama Program), the output of this synergy is that researchers found 5 KPMs who voluntarily resigned as recipients of social assistance PKH. The conclusion is that the existence of PKH in Batulicin Village has a very good impact on the welfare of KPM even though there are some people who are wrong in using the PKH assistance funds. Suggestion, for beneficiary families, to continue to develop their knowledge in educating children, managing finances, and thinking ahead so they can open businesses so they don't always depend on PKH assistance and can become independent prosperous families.</p> Aida Fitriyana, Tutung Nurdiyana, Muhammad Riduansyah Syafari Copyright (c) 2023 Determination of copyright for articles published in the Journal of Development Studies includes: 1) copyright of article content remains owned by the author, and 2) copyright of distribution is owned by the author and journal manager. https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/117 Tue, 26 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 TRASH BOMBING OF RIVERBAN COMMUNITIES (WASTE MANAGEMENT STRATEGY FOR RIVERBAN COMMUNITIES IN BANJARMASIN CITY) https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/128 <p>The phenomenon of many riverbank communities still throwing their household waste into the river is being addressed by the Banjarmasin City Environmental Service, by implementing the River Maharagu Competition Strategy. The aim of the program is to increase active community participation through competitions to maintain and create the beauty of the river environment, as well as appointing river administrators as pioneers and facilitators in efforts to motivate and spearhead riverbank community members to work together to maintain and maintain the cleanliness and beauty of the river environment. This program was able to increase the participation of the majority of the community during the competition, but community participation began to decline after the competition. The main inhibiting factors are the limited budget of the Environmental Service and socio-cultural environmental factors of community members who are generally still individualistic and pragmatic.</p> Muhammad Riduansyah Syafari, M Nur Iman Ridwan, Sugiannor Sugiannor, Nur Sholehah, Destri Ariani, Nur Hidayati Copyright (c) 2023 Determination of copyright for articles published in the Journal of Development Studies includes: 1) copyright of article content remains owned by the author, and 2) copyright of distribution is owned by the author and journal manager. https://ijpls.org/index.php/IJPLS/article/view/128 Thu, 23 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0000